When ovarian cysts become painful or affect your health, the only treatment is an ovarian cystectomy to remove the cysts. Dr. Azer Alizade at Premier OBGYN Group is an expert in laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy, a minimally-invasive procedure that diagnoses and eliminates ovarian cysts. If you experience pelvic pain, you can schedule a comprehensive pelvic examination using online booking or by calling the office in Maywood, New Jersey.
Ovarian cysts are tiny fluid-filled sacs that develop inside or on the surface of your ovaries. Cysts can naturally develop after your ovary releases an egg or when an egg matures but isn’t released.
Cysts associated with your normal menstrual cycle, called functional cysts, are harmless. They rarely cause pain and shrink within two or three menstrual cycles.
Other cysts may become large and painful or cause ongoing health problems. The most common non-functional ovarian cysts include:
Small cysts usually don’t cause symptoms, but as they enlargen you can experience:
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) arises from a hormone imbalance resulting in ovarian cysts, irregular or absent menstrual periods, and high levels of androgens, or male hormones.
When women have high androgens, they develop excess body or facial hair, acne, and male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOS are also at risk of weight gain, infertility, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease.
You may need an ovarian cystectomy -- a surgery to remove cysts -- when a cyst enlarges, causes pain, or looks unusual on an ultrasound. If your cyst is large or could be cancerous, Dr. Alizade may perform a laparotomy, which uses a traditional single incision in your abdomen.
The preferred surgical procedure for removing non-cancerous ovarian cysts is a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. Laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive: It involves a thin, lighted instrument — the laparoscope — inserted through a tiny incision.
The laparoscope contains a camera that allows Dr. Alizade to examine tissues and identify cysts. The doctor inserts surgical instruments in thin tubes through another small incision and uses them to remove the cyst.
Small incisions cause less trauma, so advantages include:
If you experience pelvic pain or you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cysts and would like to learn more about minimally-invasive ovarian cystectomy, call Premier OBGYN Group or book an appointment online.